Elemental Assay Sample report

Below is an example Elemental Assay result. The table is intended to be simple and easy to understand.

The elements are listed on the left of the table.

Your Results are represented using a standard laboratory measurement in µg/L (micrograms per Liter). In some cases there will be a value of ‘ND’ which indicates no level of the named element was detected. This means either that the element was not present, or it was below the detection limit.

The Range column represents the currently known acceptable range for elements expressed in µg/L. These ranges will change based on collected research data and results of studies conducted by The Human MicroAssay Project. Some of the ranges are unspecified because toxicity and health significance associated with these elements is not yet known.

The final column alerts you about element levels that are outside of the normal measurement range. You can share this information from your elemental assay report with your physician to determine whether any of the indicated out-of-range element levels pose a specific health risk for you.

Click on open details in the left column to see a list of health concerns and symptoms that are often associated with the presence of improper amounts of certain elements in the body.

Element Your Results
Comments Diseases Symptoms
Lithium (Li) 8893 600-8320 Above Range Renal failure, nephrotic syndrome, hypothyroidism, edema, skin ulcers, dermatitis Diarrhea, dizziness, nausea, stomach pains, weakness, coma, hand tremors, muscle twitches, seizures, slurred speech, uncontrollable eye movement, blurred vision, dizziness, irregular heart beat, swelling of limbs
Beryllium (Be) 10.966 0.21-4.001 Above Range Lung cancer, skin diseases, Beryllium disease Lung disease, coughing, chest pain, weakness, shortness of breath, night sweats, fatigue, weight loss
Magnesium (Mg) 31418.3 15,795-30,000 Above Range Kidney failure Weakness, confusion, slow breathing rate, abdominal pain, confusion, rapid heart rate
Chromium (Cr) 1.2086 0.06-0.93 Above Range Sinusitis, dermatitis, skin ulcers, bronchitis, asthma, lung cancer Gastrointestinal bleeding, asthma, implant hypersensitivity, vomiting, muscle cramps, toxic nephritis, renal failure, liver damage
Copper (Cu) 1540.13 70.0-1400.1 Above Range Arthritis, Atherosclerosis, Kidney Problems, Liver Dysfunction, Mental Disturbances, Schizophrenia, Tuberculosis Hypotension, heart disease, paranoia, autism, anemia
Arsenic (As) 5.767 0.21-2.23 Above Range Death, intestinal pain, cardiovascular failure, sensory loss, skin cancers, brain damage Confusion, headaches, drowsiness, diarrhea, heart disease, stroke, cancer
Bromine (Br) 618909 0.0-1250 Above Range Thyroid function disruption, risk of birth defects, slows cognitive development, skin disorders, DNA damage, toxic to kidneys, hearing loss breathing trouble, headaches, nausea, vomiting, skin rashes, fatigue, metallic taste
Cadmium (Cd) 3.113 0.3-1.2 Above Range Mental retardation, kidney diseases, bronchitis, cancer (bladder, esophagus, larynx, lung, mouth, pharynx, prostate and stomach). Headaches, anemia, hypertension
Tin (Sn) 2.315 0.0-2.0 Above Range Immune system issues, reduce lymphocytes, anemia Loss of smell, headaches, fatigue, muscle aches, vertigo, hyperglycemia, irritation of gastrointestinal tract
Antimony (Sb) 7.23 0.0-6.1 Above Range Respiratory distress, bronchitis, emphysema, lung inflamations, eye irritation, abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, chromosome damage Pandreatitis, reproductive damage, abdominal disorders, respiratory disorders
Mercury (Hg) 6.327 0.0-5 Above Range Multiple Sclerosis, Parkinson's, Alzheimer's, Lou Gehrig's disease or ALS, AIDS, anemia, allergies, anorexia, rheumatoid arthritis, asthma, cancers, epilepsy, Epstein Barr, chronic fatigue syndrome, Candidiasis, hypertension, insomnia, kidney diseases, neuritis, paralysis and many more. Fatigue, muscle weakness, vertigo, high blood pressure, nervousness, numbness, tingling in hands and feet, pain in the chest, irregular heart beat, gastric disturbances, chronic headaches, lack of coordination, restriction of visual field, ringing in the ears, hearing impairment, shallow or irregular breathing, speech disorders, tremors, metallic taste in mouth, parasites, frequent colds, fever, and forgetfulness to name a few.
Lead (Pb) 201.1 0.0-100 Above Range ADD, ADHD, alcoholism, anemia, and gout Abdominal pain, aching muscles and bones, blue-black line near gums, clumsiness, confusion, constipation and/or diarrhea, emotional instability, headaches, high blood pressure, insomnia, drowsiness, loss of appetite, metallic taste, muscle weakness, nervousness, quesiness, nausea and weight loss.
Manganese (Mn) 0.255 10.0-12.0 Below Range Neurological disorder, tremors, walking difficulty, muscle spasms, aggressiveness, hallucinations, bronchitis Psychiatric and motor disturbances, irritability, mood changes, compulsive behavior, fainting, hearing loss, weakness, reproductive issues
Zinc (Zn) 38.047 750-1200.0 Below Range Abdominal pain, nausea, diarrhoea, headaches, irritability, lethargy, anemia Poor cognitive functions, hair loss, diarrhea, allergies, depression, nausea, cramps
Bismuth (Bi) 0.114 1.01-12.1 Below Range Kidney inflamation, liver issues, brain inflamation Nausea, diarrhea, stomach pain, headaches, anemia, tremors, general malaise
Boron (B) 33.982 Respiratory irritation, irritation of eyes, throat, and nose Diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, anemia, dermatitis, ovarian/testicular abnormalities, edema, seizures, gastrointestinal disturbances, fatigue
Sodium (Na) 76895.6 Brain injury, dehydration, blood vessel damage Thirst, weakness, nausea, loss of appetite, confusion, muscle twitching, bleeding
Aluminum (Al) ND 0.0-10.0 Rheumatoid arthriitis, autoimmune disorders, Alzheimer's, memory problems, epilepsy, heart problems, kidney diseases, osteoporosis, Parkinson's, schizophrenia, AIDS and more. Constipation, hyperactivity, allergies, memory problems, ulcers and more
Silicon (Si) 194.1 Cancer, Lupus, Scleroderma, neuropathy, myalgia, neurological disease, fatigue, fungus Muscle inflamation, joint pain, hypersensitivity to odors, fatigue, weakness, depression, hair loss, memory loss, headaches, chest pain
Phosphorous (P) ND 0.0-1000 Vascular calcification Dehydration, hypotesion, tachycardia, cardiac arrest, coma
Sulfur (S) ND Emphysema, bronchitis Eye and skin irritations, nasal inflamation, cough
Chlorine (Cl) ND Circulatory system damage, pH imbalance, low blood pressure, eye injury, skin damage Eye tearing, sneezing, salivation, coughing, lightheadedness, muscle weakness, dermatitis, chest pain, vision loss
Potassium (K) 4562.81 1365-19500 Cardiac arrest, osteoporosis, kidney stones Decreased blood pressure, stomach cramps, diarrhea, vomiting, irritability, fatigue
Calcium (Ca) 26792.3 20400.1-107000 Soft tissue calcification, renal dysfunction Fatigue, depression, defensiveness, muscle weakness, pain, arteriosclerosis, arthritis, kidney stones, gallstones, bone spurs, constipation
Scandium (Sc) 2.002 Non-toxic N/A
Titanium (Ti) 187.292 Typically non-toxic, some studies show decreased brain function Possible skin allergian
Vanadium (V) 6.277 0.0-1800 Neurological issues, lung and respiratory damage, increased blood pressure Respiratory irritation, pneumonia, nausea, stomach issues, vomiting, cough, sore throat, chest pain
Iron (Fe) 8.508 6.0-15.0 Internal organ damage: Liver and brain Stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, lethargy, irritability
Cobalt (Co) 0.891 0.08-5.0 Cardiomyopathy, deafness, nerve issues, tinnitus, thyroid issues Skin rash, breathing difficulty
Nickel (Ni) ND 0.0-28.0 Lung cancer, cardiovascular disease, neurological disease, developmental disorders Dermatitis, respiratory issues, eye irritation, headaches, dizziness, diarrhea, vomiting, weakness
Gallium (Ga) 0.028 Renal failure Renal issues, difficulty breathing, chest pain
Germanium (Ge) 0.572 Renal failure Kidney dysfunction, anemia, muscle weakness, peripheral neuropathy
Selenium (Se) ND 0.0-234 Thyroid and adrenal gland dysfunction, skin irritation Nausea, weakness, diarrhea, hair loss, nervous system damage, garlic breath odor
Rubidium (Rb) 1.251 Replaces potassium in tissue >50% replacement may casue death
Strontium (Sr) 2.581 Excess stable strontium causes problems in children with growing bones Bioaccumulation
Yttrium (Y) 0.035 Lung Disease, pulmonary edema, dyspnea, liver edema, pleural effusions, and pulmonary hyperemia shortness of breath, coughing, chest pain, and cyanosis
Zirconium (Zr) 0.209 N/A Eye irritation
Niobium (Nb) 0.202 niobates and niobium chloride may be toxic Nausea, Vomiting, Abdominal pain, Loss of appetite, Diarrhea, Tiredness, Weakness, Jaundice, Yellow eyes, Yellow skin, Enlarged liver, Abnormal liver function test results, Swelling in feet, Weight increase due to water retention, Prolonged bleeding time
Molybdenum (Mo) 0.411 High levels of molybdenum can interfere with the body's uptake of copper, producing copper deficiency Chronic exposure: Eye irritation, Cough, Joint pain, Anorexia, Diarrhea, Fatigue, Gout, Headache, Reduced copper levels, Pneumoconiosisdiarrhea, stunted growth, anemia, and achromotrichia
Ruthenium (Ru) 0.227 Chemical Poisoning from high exposure Eye damage, Lung damage, Increased risk of cancer, Skin burns
Palladium (Pd) 0.338 Chemical Poisoning from high exposure Cough, Breathing difficulty, Runny nose, Wheezing, Rash
Silver (Ag) 0.608 Cushing's syndrome, Argyria Weight loss, Cushing's syndrome, Obesity
Indium (In) 0.011 Toxic to kidneys, Pulmonary system and imune system
Tellurium (Te) 0.551 Mildly Toxic foul garlic-like odor known as "tellurium breath."
Cesium (Cs) 0.222 Toxic hypokalemia, arrythmia, and acute cardiac arrest, infertility and cancer.
Barium (Ba) 0.44 0.0-6600 organs damaged are the eyes, immune system, heart, respiratory system, and skin causing, for example, blindness and sensitization low doses, barium ions act as a muscle stimulant, and higher doses affect the nervous system, causing cardiac irregularities, tremors, weakness, anxiety, shortness of breath, and paralysis
Lanthanum (La) 0.042 hyperglycemia, low blood pressure, degeneration of the spleen and hepatic alterations hyperglycemia, low blood pressure, degeneration of the spleen and hepatic alterations.
Cerium (Ce) 0.0614 Cerium has no known biological role. Low Toxicity, lowering cholesterol levels, blood pressure, appetite, and risk of blood coagulation inhalation may cause lung problems
Praseodymium (Pr) 0.096 Can cause lung embolisms, especially during long-term exposure. Praseodymium can be a threat to the liver when it accumulates in the human body.
Neodymium (Nd) 0.089 Breathing the dust can cause lung embolisms, and accumulated exposure damages the liver.
Samarium (Sm) 0.124 Exposure to samarium causes skin and eye irritation
Europium (Eu) 0.101 Non Toxic
Gadolinium (Gd) 0.093 Gadolinium salts irritate skin and eyes
Terbium (Tb) 0.159 Terbium powder and compound are very irritating if they come into contact with the skin and the eyes.
Dysprosium (Dy) 0.057 A dose of 500 grams or more would be needed to put a person's life at risk.
Holmium (Ho) 0.094 Large amounts of holmium salts can cause severe damage if inhaled, consumed orally, or injected.
Erbium (Er) 0.093 The levels are highest in bones, with smaller amounts being present in the liver and kidneys.
Thulium (Tm) 0.052 When injected, thulium can cause degeneration of the liver and spleen and can also cause hemoglobin concentration to fluctuate.
Ytterbium (Yb) 0.754 All compounds of ytterbium are treated as highly toxic.
Lutetium (Lu) 0.119 Lutetium fluoride inhalation is dangerous and the compound irritates skin.
Hafnium (Hf) 0.024 The pure metal is not considered toxic, but hafnium compounds should be handled as if they were toxic.
Tantalum (Ta) 0.096 The metal is highly biocompatible and is used for body implants and coatings.
Tungsten (W) 0.035 Tungsten compounds are generally inert, the effects of tungsten on the environment are limited. People can be exposed to tungsten in the workplace by breathing it in, swallowing it, skin contact, and eye contact.
Rhenium (Re) 0.012 Soluble salts, such as the rhenium halides or perrhenates, could be hazardous due to elements other than rhenium or due to rhenium itself.
Osmium (Os) 0.102 0.0-2.0 Osmium tetroxide is highly volatile and penetrates skin readily, and is very toxic by inhalation, ingestion, and skin contact. Airborne low concentrations of osmium tetroxide vapor can cause lung congestion and skin or eye damage
Iridium (Ir) 0.035 A radioisotope of iridium, is dangerous like other radioactive isotopes.
Platinum (Pt) 0.074 Short-term exposure to salts cause irritation of the eyes, nose, and throat, and long-term exposure may cause both respiratory and skin allergies.
Gold (Au) 0.198 0.0-1.0 Soluble compounds as gold chloride are toxic to the liver and kidneys. There are rare cases of lethal gold poisoning from potassium gold cyanide Gold contact allergies affect mostly women.
Thallium (Tl) 0.069 0.0-0.10 Thallium and its compounds are extremely toxic. Thallium compounds have a high aqueous solubility and are readily absorbed through the skin.
Thorium (Th) 497225 Thorium is slightly radioactive is stored in bones. It has the ability to cause bone cancer many years after the exposure has taken place.
Uranium (U) 0.069 0.0-3.0 Normal functioning of the kidney, brain, liver, heart, and other systems can be affected by uranium exposure, because, besides being weakly radioactive, uranium is a toxic metal. Uranium is also a reproductive toxicant. Radiological effects are generally local because alpha radiation, the primary form of 238U decay, has a very short range, and will not penetrate skin. Uranyl (UO2+2) ions, such as from uranium trioxide or uranyl nitrate and other hexavalent uranium compounds, have been shown to cause birth defects and immune system damage in laboratory animals. While the CDC has published one study that no human cancer has been seen as a result of exposure to natural or depleted uranium, exposure to uranium and its decay products, especially radon, are widely known and significant health threats. Exposure to strontium-90, iodine-131, and other fission products is unrelated to uranium exposure, but may result from medical procedures or exposure to spent reactor fuel or fallout from nuclear weapons. Although accidental inhalation exposure to a high concentration of uranium hexafluoride has resulted in human fatalities, those deaths were associated with the generation of highly toxic hydrofluoric acid and uranyl fluoride rather than with uranium itself. Renal


Your results are measured in micrograms per liter (µg/L), which is equivalent to parts per billion (ppb).

  This color in the comments column indicates above, or below, normal range, and could signal a potential problem.

A value of ND in the Results column idicates that nothing was detected, or is below the detection limit.

Human MicroAssay Elemental Assay

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